SOUTHEASTERN EUROPEAN SHEPHERD
FCI-Standard N° 357 / 19.05.2009 / GB
TRANSLATION: RKC & SKC, revised by Jennifer Mulholland.
ORIGIN: Southeastern Europe.
PATRONAGE: Romania and Serbia.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 26.03.2009
UTILIZATION: Guardian for flocks and an excellent watchdog.
CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group II Pinscher & Schnauzer, Molossoids breeds, Swiss Mountain and Cattle dogs.
Section 2.2 Mountain type Molossoids. Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: It is a natural breed with its origin in the Carpathian
Mountains (Romania and Serbia) and the South of Danube (some regions of Bulgaria). Special attention for the development of the breed arose in the regions of northeastern Romania, the county
of Bucovina as well as in the South of the Danube (Serbia) : the well-known transhumance areas
of the shepherds since immemorial times. Selection and improvement have lead to the actual type.
The breed is successfully used both for defending the flocks and herds and as watchdogs for
households in the mentioned regions.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Large sized dog; commanding, haughty and proud. The breed has an obvious sexual dimorphism.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the body is slightly superior to the height at the withers. The length of the skull is equal to the length of the muzzle.
BEHAVIOUR/CHARACTER: Balanced, calm and loyal, he likes children. It is a very good
guardian for flocks, courageous and a real fighter against the possible animals of prey (bear, wolf,
and lynx). It has a strong bark. When strangers or animals approach, its barking is very strong,
with a low tonality. During the night, it patrols around the household or the flock/herd.
HEAD: Massive but not heavy, slightly higher than the topline.
Skull: Moderately wide, slightly domed. The upper profile of the skull and muzzle are slightly
divergent. Viewed from the front, the skull is slightly domed, seen from the side it is almost flat.
Skull width: males 16-18 cm, females 15-17 cm, zygomatic arches are moderately developed.
Occipital protuberance is slightly evident.
Stop: slightly pronounced.
Nose: Large, well developed, black.
Muzzle: Blunt, of the same length as the skull; well developed, narrowing progressively towards the nose but never pointed; strong mandible.
Lips: Thick and tight, strong pigmentation.
Jaws / Teeth: Strong jaws; complete dentition, strong, healthy and white teeth, well set; scissor bite. Pincer bite is tolerated.
Cheeks: Not prominent.
Eyes: Small related to the head; almond-shaped and obliquely, brown or slightly light but never yellow. Eyelids well pigmented.
Ears: Relatively high set, "V" shaped with slightly rounded tip, pendent and carried close to cheeks. Cropping is prohibited.
NECK: Medium length, large and strong, without dewlap.
BODY: Good stamina.
Withers: Slightly evident.
Back: Strong and muscular.
Loin: Muscular and strong.
Croup: Muscular and moderately inclined towards base of tail.
Chest: Broad and deep, descending to elbows, well sprung ribs.
Underline: Slightly ascendant.
TAIL: High set-on. At rest, it is pendent; reaching to or lower than the hock; when the dog is
alert or in action the tail is raised up to the level of the back or slightly above it, with slight
upward curve, but never curled over the back. Docking is prohibited.
LIMBS: Upright, seen from the front or the side.
FOREQUARTERS: Upright, seen from the front or the side.
Shoulder: Long, oblique, well muscled and firmly attached to the body. Scapular-humeral angle approximately 100-110°.
Upper Arm: Moderately long, muscular.
Elbow: Close to the body, free movement.
Forearm: Strong, not too long.
Carpus (wrist): Strong.
Pastern: Short, slightly slanting.
Forefeet: Oval, compact and massive, toes tight and arched, black or ashen nails.
HINDQUARTERS: Muscular and strong, normal in stance.
Upper thigh: Medium long, wide, very muscular.
Stifle: Femoral-tibia angle is aprox. 110°.
Lower thigh: Moderately long, muscular.
Hock: Wide, viewed from the side, moderate angulation. Seen from behind, parallel to median plane of body.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Strong and upright. The presence of dewclaws should not be penalized.
Hind feet: Oval, compact and strong, with black or ashen nails.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Harmonious, elastic, well coordinated, giving the impression of effortless power. Preferred gait is the trot. Crossover will be penalized.
SKIN: Thick, close fitting, dark-ashen pigmentation.
HAIR: Head and the front part of the legs are covered with short hair. On the body, hair is
abundant, long (6-9 cm), flat, straight and rough. Undercoat is shorter, very dense and supple, and
of a lighter colour. At the neck region, hair is much longer forming a mane; on the backside of
the forequarters, the hair forms fringes; on the backside of hindquarters, the hair is longer and
forms culottes. The tail is bushy.
Classic colour: Main colour of coat is a clear white or white-beige with distinct patches of grey,
black or black with red-fawn reflections. Black or grey ticks can appear on the legs. Brindle aspect
of patches to be rejected.
Solid colours: Solid coloured subjects (without patches) are accepted but not encouraged: white,
white-beige, ashen-grey or black.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at withers:
Male: 68-78 cm, ideal 71-75 cm
Female: 64-72 cm, ideal 66-68 cm
Tolerance: 4 cm
Weight: In proportion to height
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and
its effect on the health and welfare of the dog.
- Lack of substance or too heavy.
- Not sufficient sexual character.
- Absence of 1 tooth other than P1.
- Cropped ears.
- Docked tail.
- Overweight or weak subject.
- Faulty hair or short hair (under 6 cm).
- Hair too long (over 9 cm).
- The absence of mane, or fringes on the legs.
- Tail curled or carried in a ring.
- Flabby toes, toeing in or out.
- Elbows turning out.
- Heavy gait.
- Untypical expression.
- Round, protruding eyes.
- Erect ears.
- Top line sagging or dipping.
- Hair too short.
- Curly coat or bad texture.
- Yellow eyes.
- Different colour of eyes (heterochromatic).
- Cow hocked.
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Not typical subject.
- Overshot or undershot bite.
- Absence of incisors or canines.
- Naturally absent or atrophic tail.
- Height under 64 cm or over 82 cm (for males).
- Height under 60 cm or over 78 cm (for females).
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B.: Males should have two testicles, both normally developed and fully descended into the scrotum.